In this post, the main focus is on analog audio cables xlr, trs, ts and rca. It has a thinner layer of insulation and the overall diameter is smaller. There are several specific types of cable that are commonly used. This guide is intended to supplement the guide information for the appropriate wire and cable categories in ul. Basically, they are used to transmit electrical energy, or signals, from one location to another. These cables have a center conductor of various types of metallic braid. Order desk 3232255611 72 cable designers guide how to specify cable in the absence of your own cable specification, the following checklist will assist you to completely specify the cable you want. How to use this guide the wire and cable types covered in this guide have been divided into three tables as follows. These markings provide important information about the wiring and insulation, including the wire size and material, the type of insulation, the number of wires contained inside a cable, and any special ratings or characteristics of the wire. Classification of underground cables the classification of underground cables can be done on the basis of several criteria. It is the cable that handles the interference sensitive analogue signal. Table 1 building wires and cables, including some industrial cables. The devices are manufactured in a number of different designs and made from high conductivity copper tin plated or aluminium to suit various cable and wire types and specific installation requirements. When the necessary current is known, the size and type.
The national electrical code nec and local building codes regulate the types of wire and cable that can be used in specific electrical applications, as well as the manner of. A coaxial cable has an inner cable surrounded by an insulating agent, usually made of lightweight plastic. The other is armored cable in which there is a black, red, white, and green insulated wire inside of a protective flexible metal housing, often called a cord. Introduction to network cables and network cable types. These cables share the same physical characteristics as other types of network cables except that patch cables tend to be a shorter length. Usually, armored cable is cut to length, but you may buy a precut length roll. The national electrical code nec and local building codes regulate the manner of installation and the types of wires and cables for various electrical applications. Pdf analysis of conductive materials, wires and cables for using. There are several different types of cables ranging from cables used in construction and the erection of suspended bridges to those that can transmit electricity and other telecommunication signals. Audio cables are the necessary thing you need to connect up all your recording gear and interface. It is not intended for aircraft use but designed for industrial and marine applications.
Nonmetallic sheathed cable or nonmetallic building wire, nm, nmb metallic sheathed cable or armored cable, ac, or bx. Construction and building wireencompasses a wide variety of 300 and 600volt wire and cable including ul types thw, thw2, thwn, thwn2, thhn, tffn, tfn, rhh, rhw, rhw2, use, use2, thermostat wire, ser, seu, xhhw, xhhw2 and others. Cable is the generic term that refers to constructions of wire rope that fall into the category of aircraft cable. The wire and cable types covered in this guide have been divided into three tables as follows. Introduction to wires there are mainly 6 types of wires are there. Table 1 building wires and cables, including some industrial cables table 2 low voltage cables, flexible cords, and fixture wires. Several common types are landscape lighting wire, sprinkler system connections, bell wire for doorbells, speaker system wires, and thermostat wires. A cable assembly is the composition of one or more electrical cables and their corresponding connectors. After a number of passes the wire may be annealed to facilitate more drawing or, if it is a finished product, to maximise ductility and conductivity. Triplex wires are usually used in singlephase service drop conductors, between the power pole.
Twinlead this type of cable is a flat twowire line. Various aspects are taken into account while classification and these include. Type xhhw wire resembles the appearance of types t, tw, or thw. These constructions include 7 x 7 seven groups of 1 x 7 strand and 7 x 19 seven groups of 1 x 19 strand respectively. The anixter wire and cable technical handbook is an easily accessible collection of engineering and technical information about electrical and electronic cable and their related products. According to federal specifications rrw410d, preformed, right regular lay, strand core, drawn galvanized. Wire rope is technically the correct term for groups of. A twisted pair electrical cable consists of pairs of insulated copper wires that are color coded, which are twisted around each other. Type ufb underground feeder cable has a broad range of usage as. An electrical cable is an assembly of one or more wires running side by side or bundled, which is used to carry electric current. A classification for an insulation that is extruded onto wire and then, when subject to heat and pressure, undergoes a chemical change known as.
Variants of the original part number may be required ie colour, stranding or insulation type, b. As with all wires and cables, the type of protection needed will depend on the environment where the wire or. The ul category code for each wire and cable category is identified in tables 1, 2, and 3 of this marking guide. Which is the largerdiameter wire size, 14 gauge or 8 gauge. Most wire and cable types have the same category designation in ul. Learning about electrical wiring types, sizes, and installation. Apr 17, 2020 one of the key things you will have to get to grips with in your home recording studio are the various audio cable types. Coding of conductors or subcables, striping or numbering, if any.
Inhome wiring that implements nonmetallic sheathed cable nm. New england wire technologies is a pioneer and leading designer and manufacturer of litz wire and specialty winding wire. Nov 27, 2014 these types of wires are used outdoor i. Generally, for purposes of determining the wire size necessary for the system, it is best to consider all ofthe devices as lumpedon the end of the supply circ uit, this simulates the worst case. Different types of cable lugs with pdf file engineering. We can supply you with the right sizes, types, and quantities of product you. Litz wire consists of a number of individually insulated magnet wires twisted or braided into a uniform pattern with the primary benefit of reducing ac losses in high frequency windings. It is the cable, through its design, installation and length together with the surrounding electrical effects, which determines the rate and quality of communications. In this type of wire the conductor is not tinned and the conductor is covered with three braids of fibrous yarn and saturated with water proof compound. Product spec and uls online certifications directory as they do in the nec. Each wire and cable needs to be installed carefully, from the fuse box to the outlets, fixtures and appliances. Many types of nonmetallic materials are used to protect wires and cables. So, for example, the designator use 123g indicates an underground cable containing three separately insulated wires capable of carrying 20 amps of current plus a grounding wire. Coaxial cable coaxial cables are perhaps the most common, basic and easytounderstand cables.
Cable designers guide how to specify cable in the absence of your own cable specification, the following checklist will assist you to completely specify the cable you want. Conformable cable is an alternative to semirigid or flexible cable. An electrical cable is classified by two numbers separated by a hyphen, such as 142. Sep 07, 2018 wires form the foundation of a circuit and joining them together is an essential part of making a circuit work. Wire rope and cable construction types the cable connection. Let us put our technical knowhow, quality, and service to work for you. Types of copper cables the physical cable is often the weak link in data communication. Lowvoltage wires typically are insulated and may be contained in cable sheathing or combined in twisted pairs, similar to lamp cord wire. Moving forward, we must understand various types of underground cables available to us.
Various degrees of screening are used according to the cable type and application. Electrical wire and cable conductors types the spruce. Cable types, selection criteria and application guidelines for electrical and. Twisted pair consists of two interwound insulated wires. Twoconductor cable contains one black wire and one white wire. Lead alloy sheathed wire weather proof wires flexible wire 3. A cable assembly is not necessarily suitable for connecting two devices but can be a partial product e. Primarily intended for individuals who design, specify or troubleshoot wire and cable systems, the anixter wire. If you are interested in downloading the pdf version of this book, please visit. Coaxial cable used for radio frequency signals, for example in cable television distribution systems. The electrical wiring system in most homes is created with nonmetallic sheathed wire nm.
Vista bella way rancho dominguez, ca 90220 310 6091811 800 3260006 fax. Nec defines process for calculating wire size based on current, voltage and length. These include three main types of wire splices, soldering and other devices, such as wire nuts, screw terminals and crimp connectors. Cable types, constructions, and characteristics are covered and then related to the various device requirements.
While the terms wire and cable are often used interchangeably, a wire is one electrical conductor and cable is a group of wires, or conductors, encased in sheathing. Find a piece of wire or electrical cable and bring it with you to class for discussion. Lead alloy sheathed wire weather proof wires flexible wire 2. General cable is the leading manufacturer of wire and cable solutions in the world. Coax, twisted pair, and fiber optic types of patch cables exist. Electrical wires and cable have markings stamped or printed on their insulation or outer sheathing. Then the current has been obtained for that complex using this load. Other military specification wire types should be investigated. Types of electrical wires and cables the home depot. Litz wire types and constructions new england wire.1079 1357 1597 1360 441 714 811 88 487 1311 515 468 964 622 1405 1124 555 1270 1197 282 287 53 41 158 146 1279 599 1356 1409 404 401 970 300 587 53 265 1405 248 879 428 700 599 1354 1381 319 184 364